Nice to have a word about the project from Sunday Mail
Cutty Sark 2 would sail the globe as a training vessel-cum-living museum, while carrying symbolic cargoes of tea and wool
When Cutty Sark first hoisted her sails on the River Clyde in 1869, the Suez Canal had just opened and the British Raj was still in its infancy. The nippy tea clipper quickly became one of the world’s fastest ships, and has remained an object of universal fascination ever since.
Now, nearly 150 years later, a group of ship-lovers wants to recapture her glory days by building a replica. Cutty Sark 2 would sail the globe as a training vessel-cum-living museum, while carrying symbolic cargoes of tea and wool like her namesake, according to Vladimir Martus, a sailor and naval architect who is spearheading the project.
A campaign to crowdfund an initial $120,000 (£79,000), to cover detailed up-to-date designs, runs until 24 December. The eventual cost is estimated at between £19m and £24m, which compares with the £50m it cost to restore the original ship after the world’s last remaining tea clipper was nearly destroyed by a fire in 2007.
Mr Martus, 49, who was born in St Petersburg, Russia, said the devastating fire inspired him to launch the project. “I thought it such a pity that they didn’t use the restoration opportunity to build a sailing ship.”
If Cutty Sark 2 is successful, she would be the second vessel Mr Martus has helped bring back to life. He was speaking to The Independent on Sunday from Shtandart, a replica of Peter the Great’s flagship 1703 frigate, which is moored in Italy and of which he is the ship’s captain.
Mr Martus knows he faces a huge challenge, not only to raise the vast sums but also to build a vessel that meets modern safety standards. “We will copy the ship, but we are living in the modern world. She can’t be the same or no modern maritime organisation would let us sail. We will need to go to big companies for sponsorship; I’m hopeful any big company that imports tea to Britain from India, or wool from Australia would think it would be a great marketing opportunity.” He hopes to launch Cutty Sark 2 four years from today, 22 November 2019, the 150th anniversary of the original vessel.
David Morgan, chairman of the Maritime Heritage Trust and former vice-chairman of the Cutty Sark Trust, is convinced the project is feasible. “A replica is the best of both worlds. At the time of the fire, some people wanted to restore her to sea-going condition, but we would have had to replace 96 per cent of the original structure.” He is helping to drum up financial support, as well as gathering together a team capable of building such a vast wooden ship. “We’ve had offers of help from all round the UK, from Scotland – where the original was built – and also from Portsmouth and Chatham.”
Not everyone in the maritime industry is on board, however. Martyn Heighton, who chairs National Historic Ships, thinks the project is flawed because modern safety constraints will make it impossible to copy 19th-century designs.
“The big question is what will it be used for?” Mr Heighton said. “If it is to be a sail training vessel, controls are very stringent. It would need cabins, which would all need daylight. If it is to carry cargo, it would need a big hold. I don’t think their ambitions are compatible with producing a replica. As this ship gets designed, it will get less and less like the Cutty Sark.”
An international group of tall ship sailing enthusiasts and traditional shipbuilders has formed a non-profit foundation with the aim to build and sail an exact replica of the famous clipper ship, Cutty Sark.
The Cutty Sark 2Sail Foundation’s myriad goals include promoting traditional shipbuilding skills, educating the public about the art of sailing and promoting environmentally friendly transport.
In the current phase of the project, the Cutty Sark 2Sail Foundation hopes to raise just over $120,000 through a crowdfunding campaign to cover the cost of ship design. The group estimates the full cost of rebuilding a replica Cutty Sark will be between £19-24 million.
According to the foundation’s Facebook page, the project is open to all and is a volunteer effort: “We invite you to join in with the idea of building, launching and sailing an exact replica of the most famous, most beautiful and, arguably the most perfect sailing ship in the world’s history.
“The new Cutty Sark will set both sails and new standards of achievement and adventure … It will be fascinating and educational for the public in general.”
The project is led by Captain Vladimir Martus, a naval architect who has already completed the rebuild of two large wooden sailing ships: the 80-foot schooner St Peter and the 110-foot frigate Shtandart. Martus has captained the Shtandart in tall ship races since 2001.
The rebuild of the original Cutty Sark, at 212 feet will be the largest tall ship project Martus has undertaken.
The sole surviving tea clipper, Cutty Sark was one of the fastest ships in the world when she was built in 1869 to transport goods from Britain to China and Australia. The ship still exists and was turned into a museum in the London borough of Greenwich after a complete restoration.
Once launched, the Cutty Sark 2 will sail historic trade routes to China, Australia and the Americas as a commercial cargo ship carrying tea, coffee and wool. Anyone wishing to will be able to join the crew as a trainee sailor, according to the Cutty Sark 2Sail Foundation.
Pushing the boat out: help fund the new cutty sark.
A group of Cutty Sark-enthusiasts aren’t content with just one big boat – they want to build another that can actually set sail. The original ship was one of the fastest sailing ships of its day back in the 1800s but it now sits in a permanent dry dock in Greenwich, after it became obsolete in 1954. The organisers behind the project have started a crowdfunding campaign, so if you’ve also got a passion for giant boats, you can help them fund a full-size seagoing replica by 2019 – the 150th anniversary of the Cutty Sark’s launch. Ahoy!
— Time Out London (@TimeOutLondon) November 18, 2015
Replica of tea clipper Cutty Sark may sail 150 years on
|Few visitors to the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich leave without fantasising what the mighty tea and wool clipper Cutty Sark would be like if she were to be freed from her dry dock dungeon, as Chichester’s Gypsy Moth IV was in 2005. But in the case of Cutty Sark, this cannot happen as she has deteriorated too far. However, there is a scheme afoot to build a full-size replica of the clipper ship by 2019, the 150th anniversary of the Cutty Sark’s launch, writes Mike Owen. The proposal was made by Russian sailor Vladimir Martus in September to officers and members of the Royal Yacht Squadron as he showed his replica of Peter the Great’s 115ft naval flagship from 1703, Shtandart. Just as with Shtandart, the 279ft three-masted Cutty Sark 2 would be built along original lines using traditional methods. It would be a huge challenge, with the project team mostly volunteers. Cutty Sark was of composite construction, timber on forged iron frames, using long-gone skills that must be relearned. Few examples beyond Cutty Sark remain. The Cutty Sark 2 Sail Foundation has just been granted UK charitable status and fund raising has begun. The project cost is estimated at €28 million. The construction site has yet to be finalised and although the foundation is looking at the UK as first choice, the final decision will be influenced by cost, ease of access and accommodation.||While fundraising and documenting will continue throughout 2016 before the build begins ahead of a planned launch in September 2019, discussions have begun with Dykstra Naval Architects, renowned for their modern and neo-classic yachts. Vladimir Martus explains: “We are hoping to have no main engine so we can sail the clipper route just as Cutty Sark did, having two ship’s boats on deck that would act as tug boats to help with manoeuvring if needed. There will be some modern equipment – navigation, communication and safety kit – but, as on Shtandart, this will not be seen from outside. Also all the masts, rigging and steering will replicate the original Cutty Sark.” When complete Cutty Sark 2 will operate as an international training ship for crew young and old, and also be employed as a specialist dry cargo vessel, promoting the use of environmentally friendly sailing freight vessels. The team seeks volunteers and contributors. To discover more, go to www.cutty-sark.org and www.shtandart.eu|
|Published in Yachting World magazine, November 2015|
Recorded by PM von Kaenel for Cutty Sark 2Sail Foundation.
The Shtandart, an exact replica of the famous frigate from the époque of Peter the Great has not been seen in Russia for a very long time and unfortunately there is little hope of seeing her there in the near future. One of the symbols of the City of St Petersburg, patronised by royalty and an iconic participant in the ‘Red Sails’ Festival, Shtandart has been forced to emigrate.
We met the captain of this three masted replica, Vladimir Martus, whist attending a tall ships regatta in Finland. The regatta was to commemorate the 300 year anniversary of the battle of Gangut. Shtandart had rushed from a film shoot in Holland (by the way, the Stars of Hollywood Blockbusters like ‘300 and ‘Troy’ took part in it)) to play the part of the Swedish frigate Elephant in the Gangut battle re-enactment.
So Vladimir how long has it been since Shtandart left Russia?
“It has been five years since we took the vessel in tow and after some severe arguments left Russia. We were forbidden to sail in Russia so I said – if it’s not possible here then I am taking the ship somewhere else where it is possible.”
Why didn’t the ship meet the Russian regulations?
“We were just told that the ship doesn’t meet them ‘in general’ but as it was built from wood it could never meet the regulations. For example: ‘no more than 50kg of combustible material per square meter on the deck. Of course Shtandart is impregnated with special fire retardants, but I asked the authorities what type of expert qualification I had to present but they just would not accept anything.
But the ship does meet foreign regulation doesn’t it?
“The Russian Yachting Federation examined and surveyed the ship and provided all the necessary documents. Unfortunately the Russian Ministry of Transport think that a social organisation like the Russian Yachting Federation is not capable of verifying the seaworthiness of a ship although in other countries it is just such organisations that do it. In any other country I just present the documentation provided by the Russian Yachting Federation and that’s it, because we don’t carry passengers. We only accept volunteers on board, who understand that it is for sport and that this implies risk and risky things like racing around the world are organised by social organisations. Of course that stupid conflagration with Rostransnadzor (The Federal Service for Supervision of Transport – Translators note) influenced the situation a lot. They called us a ‘bundle of wood’- I showed the inspectors’ signatures and asked how a ‘bundle of wood’ could get a licence? The last correspondence with the Russian Authorities took place in 2012. If I am not mistaken there were two letters from the Sea and Rive Registry, both were refusals.”
And where have you been hanging out since then?
“The first winter we spent in Oslo, then in Hamburg and the next two in the Netherlands. This winter we went to the Canaries.”
That must have been a good trip?
“No reason to be sad. Surely, if one has to lead a pirates’ life – why not enjoy it to the full? We went through the Bay of Biscay, across the Straits of Gibraltar, stopped in Morocco in Africa and moored up in Timbuktu Harbour. Then we explored six out of the seven islands on the Canaries Archipelago. This involved sailing non-stop for 1200 miles.
People are changing…and as for the crew the youngest was an eight month old girl! I’ve been on board for five years with hardly any break. Well I have been away for about ten days or so and my family visit from time to time. We did go to the Canaries together and they also joined me on the way from Holland to Finland.”
How do you pick your crew now?
“In the past it was like this: teenagers would turn up during the winter and work for eight hours a week. They knew that if they did this they could earn a free voyage. Our main source was from so called problem teenagers who had nothing to do. We almost caught them in the streets. They could not find a ‘real’ job, so they came and worked with us. It was an education of sorts for them. Then when we set of on a voyage – which is also hard work – they got a different type of education. And of course, the opportunity to sail on a unique replica of an historic frigate is a very unique experience indeed. There have been a lot of guys and girls who have benefitted through this sort of Shtandart School during the last ten years.
Now of course we have different methods of picking crew. People can read about our route on our website and join us at some point for a fee, usually 300-500 euros. But these are very different people to the whistle heads from St Petersburg. Now we get very responsible youngsters, real adventure seekers and each time I am surprised by the standard of the crew we have. There are no bores. For example we now have a group from Ukraine – 15 trainees.”
Ukrainians on board – what about the political atmosphere?
“All such talk is prohibited on board. On the one hand it is a ‘head in the sand’ policy but on the other all these discussions would do no good. Don’t frighten the ostrich because the floor is concrete! The sea is not the right environment for making more trouble!”
How does Shtandart earn her living?
“At festivals for example, we accept visitors on board and put a box out for donations. We can get up to 500 euros per day which helps to pay for fuel and crew transfers. Filmmaking also helps. We have just finished shooting in a Dutch film about Admiral Reuter which lasted for ten days. The special effects were provided by guys from Hollywood and although the director was Dutch he usually worked in Hollywood as well. The cast were all Dutch and it was a great experience. Of course special effects will be added by computer programs. Apart from our ship, there were two big tall ships and some small Dutch sailing yachts.”
Interestingly enough, having left Russian you have not joined any other Countries’ fleet, but in the re-enactment of the Battle of Gangut you played an ‘enemy’ – the Swedish ship Elephant.
“We’re always playing against Sweden in re-enactments of the battles of the époque of Peter the Great. But when I was planning the timetable for Shtandart I had a choice of either going to Norway to take part in a competition or to Finland for the Russian Regatta. To tell the truth, Norway is very appealing – it is amazing there with fjords, beautiful scenery and there is more money to be earned. But I decided that this is Russian History, the first victory of the Russian Fleet and it is more important. Regarding money…we shall earn it another way! We always need money; our sails are eleven years old for example. We decided to launch a crowdfunding campaign (it’s using the internet to raise funding for a specific project-editor’s note). We got almost ten thousand euros in four days! Three hundred and five people responded, mostly Russians. By the way, half of them have sailed with us at some time, but there were those who heard about us for the first time, loved the idea of such a ship, and decided to support us.”
When Shtandart was in Russia, you had planned to build a replica Admiralty building of Peter the Great as a museum for historic ship building. Now you are up to something else?
“Yes we have started a Cutty Sark Project. We are planning trips around possible sites which could become the new shipyard. We have many places to go and see, including Dumbarton in Scotland where the original ship was built.”
Do you think Shtandart could return to Russia?
“I don’t know anything for certain, but I will not return without first obtaining a solid legal position. If I had the correct documentation giving me the right to sail Shtandart we could return, but when Rostransnadzor come and ask me ‘who permitted you to sail’, thy will forbid it immediately. A ship dies without a crew and without any sailing. There are 40 people on board, we’ve been sailing for ten days – constantly repairing something at sea:- re-caulking some of the deck, repairing rigging and sails…if the ship is ashore then the volunteers will quickly disappear. The ship is kept alive by the people who sail in her.”
Source: The Novaya Gazeta Saint Peterrsburg http://novayagazeta.spb.ru/articles/9082/
Translated by Aliona Kravchuck
Construtor naval e navegador russo, que visitou a cidade na sua fragata, pretende investir 30 milhões neste projecto.
A cidade de Vila do Conde quer ser o local de construção de uma réplica do navio inglês Cutty Sark, uma embarcação do século XIX famosa pelo seu papel no transporte de chá entre a China e Grã-Bretanha. A ambição foi partilhada pela presidente da Câmara Municipal, Elisa Ferraz, “com muitas cautelas e com esperança”, na sequência de uma visita à fragata russa Shtandart, cujo capitão, Vladimir Martus, é director do projecto de construção de um novo veleiro idêntico ao bem conhecido “clipper” inglês.
A Shtandart passou esta terça-feira por Vila do Conde e o seu capitão admitiu estar à procura de espaços para construir o navio. “Queremos encontrar uma comunidade que assuma este sonho connosco. Para já, andamos a ver as cidades e as possibilidades. A ideia de Vila do Conde parece-me promissora, pois tem conhecimento, tradição e mão-de-obra qualificada”, disse, adiantando ter já passado por Holanda e Polónia, com o mesmo objectivo.
Os estaleiros locais Samuel & Filhos envolveram-se, nas últimas décadas, na construção de réplicas de embarcações históricas, como as caravelas Boa esperança e Vera Cruz, ou a nau quinhentista ancorada no Ave, no mesmo sitio onde durante séculos se desenvolveu, na cidade, um pujante sector de construção naval reconhecido em todo o país.
A autarca Elisa Ferraz partilhou com os visitantes russos a história e tradição vilacondense neste sector, considerando que atrair este projeto iria dinamizá-lo economicamente e transformar-se numa mais-valia turística para a região, numa altura em que o município se lançou no projecto Um Porto para o Mundo, com o desafio de elevar o conhecimento ancestral ainda existente nos estaleiros locais em património imaterial nacional, antevendo uma candidatura posterior à UNESCO.
“Falo nisto com muitas cautelas e com esperança que consigamos vencer os obstáculos para que em Vila do Conde se faça essa réplica. Acho que era um acontecimento enorme para os estaleiros e para a cidade, porque estamos a falar de uma embarcação que demorará anos a ser feita e que daria dinamismo e projeção à cidade”, afirmou Elisa Ferraz. Para a autarca, “o aproveitamento destas técnicas ancestrais de construção naval poderia ser aproveitado para transmitir conhecimentos aos mais jovens”. “Seria um feito estrondoso para nós”, confessou.
O director do projecto adiantou que a réplica do Cutty Sark terá 60 metros de comprimento, e que terá um custo de construção de aproximadamente 30 milhões de euros, sendo usada para formação marítima, mas também como meio de transporte de cargas, como o veleiro original, famoso pelas velocidades que atingia e que chegou a ser propriedade de uma empresa portuguesa, no início do século XX. “Queremos fazer longas distâncias e provar que, hoje, é possível transportar carga sem uso de petróleo”, disse.
Durante a construção, o barco estará aberto a visitas para que o público possa ver os métodos tradicionais da construção naval. A construção, que vai decorrer entre 2017 e 2019, será financiada pela Cutty Sark Sail Fundation, organismo criado para desenhar e construir a réplica que segue os padrões originais do veleiro que em 2007 foi muito danificado por um grande incêndio mas que foi, entretanto, reconstruído.
Já a fragata escola Shtandart, que esta terça-feira esteve em Vila do Conde, é uma réplica de um navio russo do século XVIII, e foi construída pelas mãos do próprio Vladimir Martus, começando a navegar em 1999 e recebendo jovens de várias nacionalidades que durante semanas ou meses aprendem as lides num navio.
A REPLICA of Tsar Peter the Great’s 18th century frigate Shtandart set sail from Swanage Pier on Friday lunchtime.
The full-sized version of Russia’s first ever naval warship docked at the Victorian seaside town this week, enabling visitors to sample what life at sea would have been like in the 1700s.
As the 100-foot sailing ship left for Cowes, where she’ll remain for the duration of this weekend’s Windsor Cup regatta, Swanage residents were even treated to a gun salute from the ship’s seven working cannon.
Captain Vladimir Martus told the Daily Echo: “The special thing about this ship is that it was built by volunteers, and the process of building the ship was the process of training young people in the craftsmanship needed.
“We wanted to preserve maritime skills and preserve maritime heritage.”
Shtandart is central to a project launched to help young Russian’s learn to work in a team and become professional craftsmen.
This project started in St Petersburg, Russia, in 1994, with the ship launched in 1999. One of the project patron’s is Prince Andrew, the Duke of York.
Yesterday happened to be the 16th birthday of the Shtandart’s launch.
“The ship is a full-sized replica of the first warship built by Russian Tsar Peter the Great, to defend Russian trade routes,” explained her captain. “There were some cargo ships before but she was the first proper battleship.”
The ship is 100-feet long, with a displacement of 220-tonnes, has three rigged masts and 620 square metres of sails.
Project Shtandart leaders are also working on a second scheme for young people, to build a working replica of the historic clipper ship Cutty Sark.
“Following the success of the Shtandart we wanted to continue in the same direction, maybe even bringing back the age of the sailing ships,” explained Captain Martus.
“I believe our generation is losing a lot of traditional skills and we want to preserve this knowledge for mankind.
The captain also believes sailing ships have huge potential commercially.
“The Cutty Sark was one of the best-known sailing ships in the world,” he explained. “She was sailing up to 16/17 knots, faster than many of the steam ships of the same period.
“Actually, if you look at the modern container ships, they are usually run at the economical speed of 10-12 knots, so she’s potentially comparable with modern sea transportation.
“We have just taken the first steps and are working on design and approval.”
The Shtandart is due to return to Poole Harbour before setting sail for Cherbourg on Tuesday.